How to Build a Prefabricated Animal Farm?
Livestock farming is an important investment sector in our country that brings great incomes. In recent years, with the gradual decrease of pasture areas, the establishment of modern prefabricated livestock farms has gained importance, and stockbreeding and barn livestock have increased. Livestock breeding and barn stock breeding have increased in importance in other regions, especially in the Aegean and Marmara regions.
The yield of pastures decreases day by day due to reasons such as turning the pastures into agricultural land, early drying and early grazing. The decrease in the yield of pastures also affects the decrease in the productivity of meat and milk obtained from animals. Considering these situations and the variable seasons factors, it is becoming more and more important to advance the livestock sector in modern prefabricated livestock farms.
The Place of Livestock Sector in Economy
The livestock sector in our country is at an important size that will constitute approximately 20 percent of exports and 15 percent of imports. Animal husbandry should not be considered as the sole meat and dairy sector. The livestock sector provides employment to many people and affects many production activities such as machinery industry, leather industry, marketing sector, feed industry, pharmaceutical industry for processing the products produced.
Although the country is very experienced in terms of livestock sector compared to many countries and has various opportunities, it could not reach the desired levels due to the delay in the modernization process in the livestock sector. This is where the importance of prefabricated animal farms comes into play.
What is a Prefabricated Animal Farm? Why Prefabricated Animal Farm?
What is a Prefabricated Animal Farm?
Prefabricated Animal Farm are farm buildings established by assembling the prefabricated building elements, which are pre-produced in high quality and standards in modern factories in accordance with the project, on the foundations completed in the field. Prefabricated farms are the modernization of old-style barns.
Why Prefabricated Animal Farm?
Prefabricated animal farm is one of the most important factors that enable investors to modernize and come to the fore in the livestock sector. Operators benefit from many possibilities of prefabricated farms such as fast and solid installation, lowering the initial investment cost, and having a very wide framework in design. Prefabricated buildings have become the first choice in almost every sector.
Thanks to the production of pre-tensioned prefabricated elements, wide openings are passed without columns, more space is obtained in the farm and maximum efficiency is obtained from the land.
What are the Advantages of Prefabricated Animal Farms?
1- The production of all the building elements used in the installation of the Prefabricated Farm in accordance with the standards with high quality and inspection.
2- Thanks to the prefabricated production technology, the crossing of wide openings without columns allows more space, and the operator makes maximum use of the land.
3- Prefabricated Concrete Farm members are highly resistant to impacts from animals, fertilizer accumulation, pesticide water and various chemicals that they will be exposed to during cleaning and disinfection.
4- Thanks to the low cost of prefabricated buildings, an initial gain is obtained from working capital.
5- Heating costs are saved thanks to the reinforced concrete prefabricated facade panels with spontaneous 4cm styrofoam insulation.
Factors to Consider in Prefabricated Animal Farm Setup
1- Selection of open or closed fattening method according to the location of the land. While regions with hot climates allow open fattening, closed fattening is performed in regions with cold climates.
2- Having the opportunity to plant crops for feed production on the investor’s land will allow it to reduce production costs.
3- Prefabricated animal farm should be designed to be as cheap as possible.
4- You should choose the area where you will store the fertilizers in terms of the health of the animals and the necessary regulations.
5- The direction of the wind and sunlight should be determined well for the health and comfort of the animals in the prefabricated farm layout plan.
What are the Construction Stages of Prefabricated Animal Farm?
Establishment of the project in accordance with the personal requests of the prefabricated farm investor, suitable for the use of the prefabricated farm project, which should be designed to be sufficient for the size and location of the land where the animal farm investor plans to build a concrete prefabricated farm, the number of animals to be found, and the needs of the breed of these animals.
The production of the prefabricated superstructure elements in the project, which was drawn in line with the features and preferences specified by the prefabricated farm investor, in accordance with the project, in high quality and control standards, and the infrastructure works on the land where the prefabricated farm will be built.
Delivery of the superstructure prefabricated elements produced in accordance with the project under high quality and control standards from the factory to the construction site.
The installation of the prefabricated superstructure elements produced in the factory to the land, where the infrastructure works have been completed, is completed and delivered to the investor in a completely appropriate and fast manner by experts.
What is the Cost of Prefabricated Animal Farm Establishment?
The cost of setting up a prefabricated animal farm depends entirely on the design resulting from the size of the operator’s investment. Without the design to be created as a result of the operator’s choices and personal preferences, it cannot be considered correct to issue a cost table.
Prefabricated Animal Farm Design
First of all, it should not be forgotten that the limitation of design is the size of the investment. During the design phase, prefabricated farm operators are required to protect the size of their capital, the number of animals corresponding to this, whether the animals will be bovine or ovine, the type of the animal, the needs according to the breed of the animal, the needs according to the location of the land, the size of the area to be stocked, the land to protect from external factors for security purposes. It needs to determine many sensitive points such as making the borders.
The size of the investments in design should be calculated in a long and short term. For example, if the investor wants to increase the size of his investment in the future, the existing reinforced concrete prefabricated farm should be designed by incorporating future predictions in a way that it can be enlarged.
It should not be forgotten that defects that may arise due to design will directly affect many main issues such as animal health, safety and operating costs.
Considerations in Design of Prefabricated Animal Farm
1- All the wall and carrier system that the animals in the farm can contact must be durable against external influences.
2- Doors must be large enough not to interfere with the entry and exit of vehicles such as tractors for cleaning purposes, and must be resistant to impacts that may occur during the passage of animals and various tools.
3- Necessary ventilation gaps should be left in order to discharge the polluted air that will occur in the farm and adequate ventilation should be determined.
4- A roof system should be designed to protect animals from precipitation and to minimize heat loss.
5- Sections for pregnant or infected sick animals should be designed.
6- The design should be in a way to protect the animals from the wind and to benefit from sunlight.
7- With prefabricated farm building elements, wide openings should be passed in order to make the animals comfortable and to benefit from the land as much as possible.
8- Farm design should be designed in a way that will provide sufficiency for the number of animals, their race and the needs of that breed.
9- Designs should be as modern as possible and open to modernization in the future.